Gendered Burdens and Impacts of SARS-CoV-2

23 Pages Posted: 7 Aug 2020

See all articles by Foster Kofi Ayittey

Foster Kofi Ayittey

Curtin University, Malaysia Campus.

Bablu Kumar Dhar

Daffodil International University; Yantai University; Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM)

Date Written: July 29, 2020


Using the SRQR EQUATOR checklist, the current research reports on the gendered burdens and impacts of SARS-CoV-2. Although men are primarily detected to be slightly more vulnerable in succumbing to the ongoing COVID-19 contagion, it is recognized by many sources that women are facing more of the devastating brunt in secondary terms. Aside gendered health and social impacts, women are disproportionately disadvantaged than men in economic terms as they are predominantly found in the part-time and informal occupations which have been closed down for months now since the emergence of the current global crisis. Owing to the fact that they form the vast proportion of the caregivers within the worldwide health sector, their role in handling the pandemic as frontline respondents at the hospitals put them in higher risks of contracting the disease. Despite this higher risk of infection, the peculiar attentions to women health in the planning and rolling out of actions to contain the virus have been overlooked. Additionally, their unpaid domestic care works have also increased due to closure of schools and businesses which have forced family members to stay at home for as long as movement control orders remain in place. In this confined state, the domestic violence against women have been recorded to be on the increase. To recommend measures that consider gendered dimensions of the current crisis, this article has reviewed the various sex-based burdens and impacts of the pandemic, and proceeded to suggest necessary response actions to handle the situation. Particular emphasis is placed on the effects of the outbreak on women, and how the gendered flaws in the current response strategies could be avoided in managing future global crisis.

Note: Funding: None to declare

Declaration of Interest: None to declare

Keywords: COVID-19; gendered impact; gender inequalities; domestic violence; socio-economic; women health

Suggested Citation

Ayittey, Foster Kofi and Dhar, Bablu Kumar, Gendered Burdens and Impacts of SARS-CoV-2 (July 29, 2020). Available at SSRN: or

Foster Kofi Ayittey (Contact Author)

Curtin University, Malaysia Campus. ( email )

CDT 250
Miri, Sarawak 98009

Bablu Kumar Dhar

Daffodil International University ( email )

102 Shukrabad, Mirpur Road
Dhanmondi, Dhaka-1207

Yantai University ( email )

Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM) ( email )

Bandar Baru Nilai
Nilai, Negeri Sembilan 71800

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