Place Ontology: Poetry and the Spirit of Dwelling (an Approach on the Restoration of Allegorical Architecture Through Promoting the Worthless Concept of Shelter to the Transcendental Concept of Poetic Dwelling
The first National Conference on Sustainable Housing, 9 July, 2020- IUST, Iran
Posted: 9 Sep 2020
Date Written: July 9, 2020
Heidegger has not developed any text about architecture; however, architecture has an important role in his philosophy. In his philosophy, Heidegger refers to “dwelling”. The concept of existence for him refers to the man-made environment and when he speaks of “poetic existence” he means the art of building. In his article titled “The Origin of the Work of Art” he gives an important example of architecture which could be regarded as the starting point of the study; the example is that of Greek Temple. He uses the Greek Temple as an example in order to clarify the nature of the artwork. He deliberately selects a monument which could not be regarded as a representation; he argues that artwork is not represented but it is present and gives presentation to something (Norberg Schulz, 2003: 61). Heidegger calls this something as “truth”. This example indicates that for him, a building is an artwork or it should be. He argues that “building as an artwork supports the truth”. On the other hand, Heidegger describes language as the house of existence. Human being dwells in language; it means that when humans start listening to language and respond it, the world in him opens and the pure essence comes into existence. Heidegger refers to this as “poetic dwelling” (Schulz, 2003” 69). He argues: “although poem is an authentic art, but it is not able to portray the explicitness of truth. In poetic language, truth is processed into words; but truth should be embedded in the work. What is said by poet, remains. But for according an immediate presence to the world, human inevitably should contextualize the truth in his work. Hence, the first aim of architecture is showing the worlds’ explicitness. Because of being a thing, architecture does the job and the world created by architecture includes the things collected by it. Obviously, an architectural work is unable to show the totality of the world but some aspects of it (Schulz, 2003: 69). As a result, poem is a powerful tool for architectural design, although as an inspiration for creation of artwork, all literal methods are useful, but it is believed that for creative design purposes, poem is preferred over literature. Poem is a collection of written discourses that summarizes the collective attitudes of public and as a unique expressive tool specific to space and location, it is the requisite of any national, regional and local project. Hence, it seems that the design should possess poetic assets and this requires local and also global elements. The best form of art is poem. An excellent architecture is a poem composed using tiles and bricks (Antoniades, 12014). Accordingly, eminent architecture is indeed symbolic architecture that creates poetic space.
Keywords: environmental phenomenology, place ontology, poetic dwelling, dwelling spirit, sense of place, spirit of place
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