Prices and Health: Identifying the Effects of Nutrition, Exercise, and Medication Choices on Blood Pressure

Posted: 6 Jan 2003

See all articles by Shih-Neng Chen

Shih-Neng Chen

Shih Hsin University - Department of Economics

Jason F. Shogren

University of Wyoming

Peter F. Orazem

Iowa State University and IZA; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Thomas D. Crocker

University of Wyoming - College of Business - Department of Economics and Finance

Abstract

Biomedical studies suggest that a person's behavior matters to health, but these studies usually treat human choice as exogenous. This study shows that individual choices on nutrient intake, exercise, and use of medication are influenced by exogenous food prices, wages, and non-labor income. Using these exogenous variables as instruments for endogenous behavior makes a big difference in the estimated impact of nutrient intake, exercise, and medication on blood pressure. For example, application of instrumental variables methods changes the impact of sodium on blood pressure from positive to negative and significant.

Suggested Citation

Chen, Shih-Neng and Shogren, Jason F. and Orazem, Peter Francis and Crocker, Thomas D., Prices and Health: Identifying the Effects of Nutrition, Exercise, and Medication Choices on Blood Pressure. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 84, pp. 990-1002, 2002, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=366502

Shih-Neng Chen

Shih Hsin University - Department of Economics

Taipei
Taiwan

Jason F. Shogren (Contact Author)

University of Wyoming ( email )

Department of Economics
BU292
Laramie, WY 82071-3985
United States
307-766-5430 (Phone)
307-766-5090 (Fax)

Peter Francis Orazem

Iowa State University and IZA ( email )

260 Heady Hall
Ames, IA 50011
United States
515-294-8656/515-294-7740 (Phone)
515-294-0221 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Thomas D. Crocker

University of Wyoming - College of Business - Department of Economics and Finance ( email )

P.O. Box 3985
Laramie, WY 82071-3985
United States

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