Score-Driven Asset Pricing: Predicting Time-Varying Risk Premia based on Cross-Sectional Model Performance
49 Pages Posted: 16 Sep 2020 Last revised: 7 Jan 2021
Date Written: August 3, 2020
This paper proposes a new parametric approach for estimating linear factor pricing models with time-varying risk premia. In contrast to most established methods, the framework presented abstains from specifying a time series model with external predictor variables. Instead, time-varying risk prices and exposures follow an observation-driven updating scheme that reduces the one-step-ahead prediction error from a cross-sectional factor model at the current observation. This agnostic approach is particularly useful in situations where predictors are unknown or of uncertain quality. Updating schemes for elliptically distributed returns are derived and propose cross-sectional regression errors as driving sequence for the parameter dynamics. Estimation and inference are performed by likelihood maximization. A simulation study confirms that the novel method is capable of filtering and predicting substantial risk price movements. The empirical performance is illustrated by an application to a macrofinance model of currency carry trades.
Keywords: Dynamic Asset Pricing, Generalized Auto-Regressive Score Models, Time- Varying Risk Premia, Return Predictability
JEL Classification: G12, G17, C58
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