Adoption of Online Courses Teaching in Tanzania's Universities after World Health Organization Declares the COVID-19 a Pandemic Disease: Opportunities and Barriers
17 Pages Posted: 6 Aug 2020 Publication Status: Under Review
The commonly methods used to teach courses in majority of African Universities Tanzania included is face to face mode. This creates difficulty for most of universities to change dramatically to offer online courses in responses to COVID-19. Thus, this study has been conducted to determine the perceived obstacles that will hinder the universities to shift to online courses teaching.A mixed methods dominated with quantitative approach was used to answer the research questions. A total of 173 respondents participated in this study whereby descriptive statistics and binary logistic regression were applied to determine the factors that influence the academic staff to have online course or not. This was followed by content analysis to analyses the proposed adaptation to online courses by the academic staff.The findings indicated that the main hindrances to online teaching is lack of capacity; knowledge on how to conduct online course; knowledge and technological factors; environmental factors; staff attitudes towards delivering online courses and year spent in using E-learning. The academic staff proposed improvement of ICT infrastructure and strengthening the capacity of academic staff to deliver online courses.The study concludes that most of academic staff are will to adopt online teaching. Improving the organizational and individual factors will enhance staff to adopt online teaching. The paper recommends that the university may start with online teaching for postgraduate student and gradually to bachelor students using free available online teaching tools and platform such as Zoom, WeChat, Webinar and alike.
Keywords: Online Courses, Tanzania, Universities, COVID-19, E-learning
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