Monetary Stimulus Amidst the Infrastructure Investment Spree: Evidence from China's Loan-Level Data
80 Pages Posted: 18 Sep 2020
Date Written: July 26, 2020
We study the impacts of the 2009 monetary stimulus and its interaction with infrastructure spending on credit allocation. We develop a two-stage estimation approach and apply it to China's loan-level data that covers all sectors in the economy. We find that except for the manufacturing sector, monetary stimulus itself did not favor SOEs over non-SOEs in credit access. Infrastructure investment driven by non-monetary factors, however, enhanced the monetary transmission to bank credit allocated to LGFVs in infrastructure and at the same time weakened the impacts of monetary stimulus on bank credit to non-SOEs in sectors other than infrastructure.
Keywords: Infrastructure investment, monetary policy transmission, fiscal shocks, policy interaction, credit reallocation, LGFVs
JEL Classification: E52, E62, G11, G18
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