Leaning Against the Wind: A Cost-Benefit Analysis for an Integrated Policy Framework

60 Pages Posted: 12 Aug 2020

See all articles by Luis Brandao-Marques

Luis Brandao-Marques

International Monetary Fund - Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Gaston Gelos

International Monetary Fund

Machiko Narita

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Erlend Nier

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Date Written: July 2020

Abstract

This paper takes a new approach to assess the costs and benefits of using different policy tools-macroprudential, monetary, foreign exchange interventions, and capital flow management-in response to changes in financial conditions. The approach evaluates net benefits of policies using quadratic loss functions, estimating policy effects on the full distribution of future output growth and inflation with quantile regressions. Tightening macroprudential policy dampens downside risks to growth stemming from loose financial conditions, and is beneficial in net terms. By contrast, tightening monetary policy entails net losses, calling for caution in the use of monetary policy to 'lean against the wind.' These findings hold when policies are used in response to easing global financial conditions. Buying foreign-exchange or tightening capital controls has small net benefits.

Keywords: Monetary policy, Economic policy, Central banks, Macroprudential policies and financial stability, Nominal effective exchange rate, Macroprudential Policy, FX Interventions, Capital Flow Management, Cost-Benefit Analysis, WP, loss function, quantile, financial condition, MPM, quantiles

JEL Classification: E52, E58, F31, G28, E01, O24, G21

Suggested Citation

Brandao-Marques, Luis and Gelos, R. Gaston and Narita, Machiko and Nier, Erlend, Leaning Against the Wind: A Cost-Benefit Analysis for an Integrated Policy Framework (July 2020). IMF Working Paper No. 20/123, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3670606

Luis Brandao-Marques (Contact Author)

International Monetary Fund - Monetary and Capital Markets Department ( email )

700 19th Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20431
United States
2026238308 (Phone)
2025898308 (Fax)

R. Gaston Gelos

International Monetary Fund ( email )

700 19th Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20431
United States

Machiko Narita

International Monetary Fund (IMF) ( email )

700 19th Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20431
United States

Erlend Nier

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

700 19th Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20431
United States

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