Indonesia's Legal Framework in Combating Covid-19
NUS Asia-Pacific Centre for Environment Law Working Paper 20/06
9 Pages Posted: 12 Aug 2020
Date Written: August 4, 2020
This paper depicts the laws and regulations used by the Government of Indonesia in tackling the COVID-19 Pandemic. To combat COVID-19, the Indonesian government opted to act via the Contagious Diseases Law without having to enact the Emergency Situation Law. Moreover, the Government of Indonesia also utilized the Health Quaratine Law, established the COVID-19 Expediting Management Task Force, and Large-Scale Social Distancing. There are at least 4 different types of regulations and policies utilized by the Government of Indonesia during the COVID-19 Pandemic period: (1) General policies, eq.Large-scale social distancing, School closures, etc; (2) Policies toward COVID-19 patients, eq. Presidential Regulation on the development of observation and containment facilities in in Galang Island, Batam City, Riau Province in relation to COVID-19 or other infectious diseases; (3) Stay-home policy to prevent spread of COVID-19, enacted by Ministrial Offices; (4) Travel bans to prevent spread of COVID-19 within and outside Indonesia; (5) Softening the economic impact of COVID-19 eq.various regulation from the Central Banks, Industrial and Trade Ministry, and Financial Services Authority on exports, imports, international currency, Giro, regular banking, Syariah banking, stock exchange, etc, in relation to COVID-19; and (6) Financing the Management of COVID-19. The legal framework for combatting COVID-19 is already in place in Indonesia. There are many laws and regulations that are available, including the Constitution, presidential, governmental and ministerial regulations. However, overlaps and inconsistencies can be seen in some cases, and these make situation more dire for the people of Indonesia. These inconsistencies should be resolved quickly by the government.
Keywords: COVID-19, Indonesia, Law, Regulations, Policy, Legal Framework
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation