Macroprudential Policy and the Role of Institutional Investors in Housing Markets

57 Pages Posted: 13 Aug 2020

Date Written: August, 2020

Abstract

Since the onset of the Global Financial Crisis, the presence of institutional investors in housing markets has steadily increased over time. Real estate funds (REIFs) and other housing investment firms leverage large-scale buy-to-rent investments in real estate assets that enable them to set prices in rental housing markets. A significant fraction of this funding is being provided in the form of non-bank lending (i.e., lending that is not subject to regulatory LTV limits). I develop a quantitative two-sector DSGE model that incorporates the main features of the real estate fund industry in the current context to study the effectiveness of dynamic LTV ratios as a macroprudential tool. Despite the comparatively low fraction of total property and debt held by REIFs, optimized LTV rules limiting the borrowing capacity of such funds are more effective in smoothing property prices, credit and business cycles than those affecting (indebted) households – borrowing limit. This finding is remarkably robust across alternative calibrations (of key parameters) and specifications of the model. The underlying reason behind such an important and unexpectedly robust finding relates to the strong interconnectedness of REIFs with various sectors of the economy.

Keywords: leverage, loan-to-value ratios, real estate funds, rental housing

JEL Classification: E44, G23, G28

Suggested Citation

Muñoz, Manuel, Macroprudential Policy and the Role of Institutional Investors in Housing Markets (August, 2020). ECB Working Paper No. 20202454, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3672230 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3672230

Manuel Muñoz (Contact Author)

European Central Bank (ECB) ( email )

Sonnemannstrasse 22
Frankfurt am Main, 60314
Germany

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
60
Abstract Views
243
rank
453,726
PlumX Metrics