Explaining the Homogeneous Diffusion of Covid-19 Policies among Heterogenous Countries

42 Pages Posted: 14 Aug 2020

See all articles by Abiel Sebhatu

Abiel Sebhatu

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Karl Wennberg

Linkoping University - Institute for Analytical Sociology (IAS)

Stefan Arora-Jonsson

Uppsala University - Department of Business Studies

Staffan I. Lindberg

University of Gothenburg - Varieties of Democracy Institute; University of Gothenburg - Department of Political Science

Date Written: August 2020

Abstract

The need for non-pharmaceutical interventions aimed at curtailing the spread of infectious diseases depends crucially on country-specific demographic and public health situations. However, the early stages of the Covid-19 pandemic saw an almost homogeneously rapid adoption of such interventions across otherwise heterogeneous countries. We analyze the adoption of disease-transmission interventions in the OECD countries, and find that they are only weakly predicted by standard epidemiological indicators (confirmed infections, deaths, intensive care capacity) but strongly predicted by standard indicators in the literature on diffusion of interventions (number countries adopting the same policy; in particular, the number of proximate countries). We also examine whether the level of democracy in a given country influences the speed at which it adopts such interventions. We provide insights for research on international policy diffusion and the emerging strand of research pondering the political consequences of the Covid-19 pandemic.

Keywords: Covid-19 Pandemic, Policy diffusion

Suggested Citation

Sebhatu, Abiel and Wennberg, Karl and Arora-Jonsson, Stefan and Lindberg, Staffan I., Explaining the Homogeneous Diffusion of Covid-19 Policies among Heterogenous Countries (August 2020). V-Dem Working Paper 104, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3672976 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3672976

Abiel Sebhatu (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Karl Wennberg

Linkoping University - Institute for Analytical Sociology (IAS) ( email )

Norrköping, 601 74
Sweden

Stefan Arora-Jonsson

Uppsala University - Department of Business Studies

Box 513
Uppsala, SE-751 20
Sweden

Staffan I. Lindberg

University of Gothenburg - Varieties of Democracy Institute ( email )

Sprängkullsgatan 19
Gothenburg, Gothenburg 405 30
Sweden

HOME PAGE: http://v-dem.net

University of Gothenburg - Department of Political Science ( email )

Box 711
Gothenburg, S-405 30
Sweden

HOME PAGE: http://www.pol.gu.se

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