Sustainable Finance and Fintech: Can Technology Contribute to Achieving Environmental Goals? A Preliminary Assessment of ‘Green FinTech'
40 Pages Posted: 14 Aug 2020 Last revised: 16 Sep 2020
Date Written: August 13, 2020
The Fintech Action Plan (see now also Digital Finance Strategy) and the Sustainable Finance Strategy both represent important pillars of the current EU policy agenda. Nonetheless, the two areas have been treated as separate for a long time, while they present certain common features and great potential when combined. In particular, Fintech appears able to respond to some shortcomings in the current sustainable finance framework (e.g. access to retail financing, ESG disclosure, verification and ratings, etc.). The relevance of the link between sustainability, finance and technology has also been evidenced by the COVID-19 pandemic crisis, which has urged all countries to re-think the models traditionally deployed and rely more on technology and sustainability. However, Fintech still raises per se relevant legal issues that need to be addressed to fulfil its promises and potential in the sustainable finance sector. The present paper aims at starting a debate about “Green Fintech” in order to effectively connect the two worlds and spur the research in such a new and promising area.
Keywords: Fintech, Sustainable finance, EcoLabel, blockchain, DLT, artificial intelligence, algorithms, big data, ESG factors, sustainability rating, sustainable development goals, transparency, non-financial disclosure, fiduciary duties, crowdfunding.
JEL Classification: G18, G10, G21, O33
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation