A Review of the Electoral Process under Ghana’s Fourth Republic
African Journal of International and Comparative Law / List of Issues / Volume 28, Issue 3 (2020)
Posted: 15 Feb 2021
Date Written: August 10, 2020
There have been seven general elections, under Ghana's Fourth Republic, to elect presidents and members of parliament. There are laws regulating the electoral process and election results have generally been accepted and, in a few cases, challenged through the laid-down process. Elections in Ghana are nonetheless reportedly flawed with irregularities tainting the outcome and creating tensions and sometimes pockets of violence. This article examines the electoral process under Ghana's Fourth Republic, namely the adoption of regulations for each electoral cycle, voters’ registration and the voters’ register, nomination of aspirants, voting, counting of votes and declaration of the results. To ensure the integrity of the electoral process, the laws regulating elections should comply with the dictates of the procedural requirements of the rule of law and the Electoral Commission's actions must be consistent with these laws.
Keywords: elections, elections in Ghana, Ghana's electoral process
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