A Second Chance? Labor Market Returns to Adult Education Using School Reforms

70 Pages Posted: 17 Aug 2020

See all articles by Patrick Bennett

Patrick Bennett

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) - Department of Economics

Richard W. Blundell

UCL; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Kjell G. Salvanes

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

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Abstract

Roughly one third of a cohort drop out of high school across OECD countries, and developing effective tools to address prime-aged high school dropouts is a key policy question. We leverage high quality Norwegian register data, and for identification we exploit reforms enabling access to high school for adults above the age of 25. The paper finds that considerable increases in high school completion and beyond among women lead to higher earnings, increased employment, and decreased fertility. As male education remains unchanged by the reforms, later life education reduces the pre-existing gender earnings gap by a considerable fraction.

Keywords: adult education, returns to education, fertility, gender inequality

JEL Classification: I26, I28, J13

Suggested Citation

Bennett, Patrick and Blundell, Richard W. and Salvanes, Kjell G., A Second Chance? Labor Market Returns to Adult Education Using School Reforms. IZA Discussion Paper No. 13592, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3674313 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3674313

Patrick Bennett (Contact Author)

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) - Department of Economics ( email )

Helleveien 30
N-5035 Bergen
Norway

Richard W. Blundell

UCL ( email )

Department of Economics
Gower Street
London, WC1E 6BT
United Kingdom
+44 20 7504 5863 (Phone)
+44 20 7916 2773 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.ucl.ac.uk/~uctp39a/

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

Kjell G. Salvanes

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) - Department of Economics ( email )

Helleveien 30
N-5035 Bergen
Norway
+47 5 595 9315 (Phone)
+47 5 595 9543 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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