No Home Bias in Ghost Games
Discussion Paper of the Institute for Organisational Economics 7/2020
25 Pages Posted: 16 Aug 2020
Date Written: July 2020
Because of the COVID-19-pandemic the men’s first German football league (Bundesliga) had to finish the season 2019/20 with ghost games as spectators were not allowed in the stadiums. Comparing these games with the regular ones between the same teams before, we find that the normal advantage for the home team disappears. One reason for this is the disappearances of the home bias of the referees whereas changes in the sportive performance of the teams seem to be irrelevant in this regard.
Keywords: COVID-19, Football, Germany, Ghost Games, Home Bias, Spectators, Soccer
JEL Classification: Z20
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation