Covid-19 and Crime: Effects of Stay-at-Home Orders on Domestic Violence

47 Pages Posted: 17 Aug 2020 Last revised: 5 Feb 2021

See all articles by Lindsey Bullinger

Lindsey Bullinger

Georgia Institute of Technology

Jillian Carr

Purdue University - Krannert School of Management

Analisa Packham

Texas A&M University - Department of Economics

Date Written: August 2020

Abstract

COVID-19 has led to an abrupt change in time spent at home, with many cities and states implementing official stay-at-home (SAH), or “lockdown” policies. Using cell phone block-level activity data and administrative 911 and crime data from the city of Chicago, we estimate the effects of the Illinois governor's SAH order on calls for police service, crimes recorded by police, and arrests made relating to domestic violence. We find that the SAH order announcement increased time spent at home, leading to a decrease in total calls for police service, but a subsequent increase in domestic violence-related calls for police service. Effects are larger in areas with a high proportion of renters. These effects for domestic violence calls, however, are at odds with reported domestic-related crimes and arrests by police officers; we find that official reports and arrests for domestic violence crimes fell by 8.7 percent and 26.3 percent, respectively. Trends in reported domestic violence crimes mirror drops in total reported crimes; however, declines for domestic violence crimes are an order of magnitude smaller than the decline in other non-violent crime rates. Overall, we estimate that nearly 1,000 cases of domestic violence crimes went underreported between March and April.

Suggested Citation

Bullinger, Lindsey and Carr, Jillian and Packham, Analisa, Covid-19 and Crime: Effects of Stay-at-Home Orders on Domestic Violence (August 2020). NBER Working Paper No. w27667, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3675218

Lindsey Bullinger (Contact Author)

Georgia Institute of Technology ( email )

685 Cherry St.
Atlanta, GA 30332-0345
United States

Jillian Carr

Purdue University - Krannert School of Management ( email )

1310 Krannert Building
West Lafayette, IN 47907-1310
United States

Analisa Packham

Texas A&M University - Department of Economics ( email )

5201 University Blvd.
College Station, TX 77843-4228
United States

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