The COVID-19Pandemic in Italy: Policy and Technology Impact on Health and Non-Health Outcomes  

Health Policy and Technology 2020

60 Pages Posted: 3 Sep 2020

See all articles by Chiara Berardi

Chiara Berardi

University of Newcastle (Australia)

Marcello Antonini

University of Newcastle (Australia)

Mesfin G Genie

Ca Foscari University of Venice - Dipartimento di Economia; University of Aberdeen

Giovanni Cotugno

Independent

Alessandro Lanteri

Arthur D. Little Inc. - Hult International Business School

Adrian Melia

University of Newcastle (Australia)

Francesco Paolucci

University of Newcastle (Australia) - Newcastle Business School

Date Written: August 25, 2020

Abstract

Italy was the first Western country to experience a major coronavirus outbreak and consequently faced large-scale health and socio-economic challenges. The Italian government enforced a wide set of homogeneous interventions nationally, despite the differing incidences of the virus throughout the country.

Objective: The paper aims to analyse the policies implemented by the government and their impact on health and non-health outcomes considering both scaling-up and scaling-down interventions.
Methods: To categorise the policy interventions, we rely on the comparative and conceptual framework developed by Moy et al. (2020). We investigate the impact of policies on the daily reported number of deaths, case fatality rate, confirmation rate, intensive care unit saturation, and financial and job market indicators across the three major geographical areas of Italy (North, Centre, and South). Qualitative and quantitative data are gathered from mixed sources: Italian national and regional institutions, National Health Research and international organisations. Our analysis contributes to the literature on the COVID-19 pandemic by comparing policy interventions and their outcomes.

Results: Our findings suggest that the strictness and timing of containment and prevention measures played a prominent role in tackling the pandemic, both from a health and economic perspective. Technological interventions played a marginal role due to the inadequacy of protocols and the delay of their implementation.

Conclusions: Future government interventions should be informed by evidence-based decision making to balance, the benefits arising from the timing and stringency of the interventions against the adverse social and economic cost, both in the short and long term.

Keywords: Health policy, Healthcare, Health Technology, Global Pandemic

Suggested Citation

Berardi, Chiara and Antonini, Marcello and Genie, Mesfin G and Cotugno, Giovanni and Lanteri, Alessandro and Melia, Adrian and Paolucci, Francesco, The COVID-19Pandemic in Italy: Policy and Technology Impact on Health and Non-Health Outcomes   (August 25, 2020). Health Policy and Technology 2020, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3680293 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3680293

Chiara Berardi (Contact Author)

University of Newcastle (Australia) ( email )

University Drive
Callaghan, NSW 2308
Australia

Marcello Antonini

University of Newcastle (Australia) ( email )

University Drive
Callaghan, NSW 2308
Australia

Mesfin G Genie

Ca Foscari University of Venice - Dipartimento di Economia ( email )

Cannaregio 873
Venice, 30121
Italy

University of Aberdeen

Health Economics Research Unit
Polwarth Building Foresterhill Aberdeen AB25 2ZD
Aberdeen, AB25 2ZD
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.abdn.ac.uk/heru/

Giovanni Cotugno

Independent ( email )

Alessandro Lanteri

Arthur D. Little Inc. - Hult International Business School ( email )

1355 Sansome Street
San Francisco, CA 94111
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.alelanteri.com

Adrian Melia

University of Newcastle (Australia) ( email )

University Drive
Callaghan, NSW 2308
Australia

Francesco Paolucci

University of Newcastle (Australia) - Newcastle Business School ( email )

City Campus East – 231
Newcastle-Upon-Tyne NE1 8ST, NE1 8ST
Australia

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