The Egyptian Hydro-Hegemony in the Nile Basin: The Quest for Changing the Status Quo

THE JOURNAL OF WATER LAW, Volume 26, 2, 2020

11 Pages Posted: 3 Nov 2020

See all articles by Mahemud Tekuya

Mahemud Tekuya

University of the Pacific - McGeorge School of Law

Date Written: August 25, 2020

Abstract

For long, Egypt has been the principal state in the Nile basin. “Through a myriad of mechanisms and tactics Egypt has been capable of maintaining its role as the regional hydro-hegemon and effectively hindering any competition over its water supply.” Recently, however, the upstream states, especially Ethiopia, are challenging the Egyptian hydro hegemony and undertaking various measures to change the status quo. The launching of the Nile Basin Initiative (NBI), the adoption of the Cooperative Framework Agreement (CFA), the construction of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD), and the signing of Declaration of Principles (DoPs) are examples of those measures. This paper attempts to analyze the implications of those measures on the hydro-hegemonic configuration of the Nile basin. In so doing, it follows a multi-disciplinary approach- drawing upon politics, hydro-hegemony, and law. The paper argues that, although the measures are steps forward for challenging the Egyptian hegemony, the two important legal instruments, the CFA and DoPs, are not sufficient to change the anachronistic status quo. In addition, the paper indicates how the lower riparian states could use these documents to perpetuate the status quo. It proposes a change in the status quo through a new basin-wide multilateral treaty that harms none and benefits all.

Keywords: Nile; Egypt; Ethiopia; Sudan; Hydro Hegemony; Nile Basin Initiative; Cooperative Framework Agreement; Rand Ethiopian Grand Renaissance Dam; Declaration of Principles

Suggested Citation

Tekuya, Mahemud, The Egyptian Hydro-Hegemony in the Nile Basin: The Quest for Changing the Status Quo (August 25, 2020). THE JOURNAL OF WATER LAW, Volume 26, 2, 2020, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3680312

Mahemud Tekuya (Contact Author)

University of the Pacific - McGeorge School of Law ( email )

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Sacramento, CA 95817
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