Child Gender, Ethnicity, and Criminal Behavior after Birth

42 Pages Posted: 23 Nov 2020

See all articles by Kabir Dasgupta

Kabir Dasgupta

Auckland University of Technology

André Diegmann

Halle Institute for Economic Research; Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW)

Tom Kirchmaier

London School of Economics - Centre for Economic Performance; Copenhagen Business School

Alexander Plum

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin)

Date Written: August 25, 2020

Abstract

This paper aims to challenge the implicitly made assumption in the economics of crime literature that findings are universally applicable across cultures and race. Based on very precise judicial and demographic data from New Zealand we are able to replicate the results of an earlier study by Dustmann and Landersø (2018) across the average of the population. However, when splitting out by ethnicity we can show that the effect is entirely driven by the white part of the population and that there is no effect on the native Maori. The particular effect we are exploiting is the gender of the first-born child on convictions rates. The strong ethnic divide is observed along many dimensions. Our results serve as a caution that research can amplify implicit ethnic and racial bias.

Keywords: Crime Research, Racial Bias

JEL Classification: K42, K49, L38

Suggested Citation

Dasgupta, Kabir and Diegmann, André and Kirchmaier, Tom and Plum, Alexander, Child Gender, Ethnicity, and Criminal Behavior after Birth (August 25, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3680648 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3680648

Kabir Dasgupta

Auckland University of Technology ( email )

Private Bag 1142
Auckland, 1142
New Zealand

André Diegmann

Halle Institute for Economic Research ( email )

P.O. Box 11 03 61
Kleine Maerkerstrasse 8
D-06017 Halle, 06108
Germany

Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW) ( email )

P.O. Box 10 34 43
L 7,1
D-68034 Mannheim, 68034
Germany

Tom Kirchmaier (Contact Author)

London School of Economics - Centre for Economic Performance ( email )

Houghton Street
London, WC2A 2AE
United Kingdom
+44 207 955 6854 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://sites.google.com/site/tomkirchmaier/home

Copenhagen Business School ( email )

Solbjerg Plads 3
Frederiksberg C, DK - 2000
Denmark

Alexander Plum

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) ( email )

Mohrenstraße 58
Berlin, 10117
Germany

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