Virtual Annual Meetings: A Path Toward Shareholder Democracy and Stakeholder Engagement

77 Pages Posted: 27 Aug 2020 Last revised: 1 Feb 2022

See all articles by Yaron Nili

Yaron Nili

University of Wisconsin Law School; European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI)

Megan W Shaner

University of Oklahoma College of Law

Date Written: August 26, 2020


From demanding greater executive accountability to lobbying for social and environmental policies, shareholders influence how managers run modern companies. In corporate doctrine, the principal venue reserved for shareholders to influence and engage with management and each other is the annual shareholders meeting. Historically, the annual meeting was a vibrant forum for shareholder democracy and occasionally even a platform for debating pressing social issues. For decades, however, the role of the annual meeting in corporate governance has been in decline, resulting in today’s largely pro forma annual meetings.

This Article explores how technological integration can resurrect the annual meeting as the deliberative touchstone of shareholder democracy it once was and open new avenues for engagement. The widespread use of virtual annual meetings in response to COVID-19 provides an opportunity to re-envision the practice and purpose of the annual meeting. If structured properly, virtual meetings can re-engage historically absent shareholder demographics while maintaining the efficiencies of proxy voting. Additionally, virtual meetings can serve as a vehicle through which companies can begin to address environmental, social, and governance (ESG) issues and heightened public expectations that companies will meaningfully engage with their varied stakeholders.

This Article makes three key contributions to the existing literature. First, it provides a detailed account of state reactions to COVID-19 and of the impact that the transition to virtual meetings had on shareholder voting. Second, it describes how annual meetings have drifted away from their democratic function. Finally, this Article argues that technology can revive shareholder democracy and bolster ESG efforts by facilitating retail shareholder and corporate stakeholder engagement, and underscores how virtual meetings can meet these important goals.

Keywords: Shareholders, Corporate Law, Virtual Meetings, Corporate Democracy, COVID-19, ESG, Stakeholders, Main Street Investors

JEL Classification: K10, K22

Suggested Citation

Nili, Yaron and Shaner, Megan, Virtual Annual Meetings: A Path Toward Shareholder Democracy and Stakeholder Engagement (August 26, 2020). 63 Boston College Law Review 125 (2022), Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1606, Available at SSRN: or

Yaron Nili (Contact Author)

University of Wisconsin Law School ( email )

975 Bascom Mall
Madison, WI 53706
United States

European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI) ( email )

c/o the Royal Academies of Belgium
Rue Ducale 1 Hertogsstraat
1000 Brussels

Megan Shaner

University of Oklahoma College of Law ( email )

300 Timberdell Road
Norman, OK 73019
United States
405-325-6619 (Phone)

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