Why Did Israelis Comply with COVID-19 Mitigation Measures During the Initial First Wave Lockdown?

23 Pages Posted: 1 Sep 2020 Last revised: 23 Oct 2020

See all articles by Anne Leonore de Bruijn

Anne Leonore de Bruijn

University of Amsterdam - Faculty of Law

Yuval Feldman

Bar-Ilan University - Faculty of Law

Malouke Esra Kuiper

University of Amsterdam - Faculty of Law

Megan Brownlee

University of Amsterdam - Faculty of Law

Chris Reinders Folmer

University of Amsterdam - Faculty of Law

Emmeke Barbara Kooistra

University of Amsterdam - Faculty of Law

Elke Olthuis

University of Amsterdam - Faculty of Law

Adam Fine

Arizona State University (ASU) - School of Criminology & Criminal Justice

Benjamin van Rooij

University of California, Irvine School of Law; University of Amsterdam - Faculty of Law

Date Written: August 27, 2020

Abstract

This paper investigates why Israeli citizens complied with measures taken to mitigate the spread of the COVID-19 virus in early April. At the time, Israel had relatively stringent mitigation measures that encouraged people to stay at home and keep a safe social distance. The data of 411 adult participants, gathered using survey research, showed that overall, compliance levels at that time were high. It finds that compliance depended on a combination of moral factors, such as people’s moral duty to obey the law and people’s tendency to obey the law generally. In addition, people who had friends over 75 years old were more likely to comply. Furthermore, people were more likely to comply if they were able to do so, and less likely to violate if they did not have the opportunity to do so. The study did not find that fear of punishment (deterrence) was significantly associated with compliance. Overall, these findings are in line with studies conducted the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Netherlands.

Keywords: COVID-19, compliance, social distancing, deterrence, public health, social norms

JEL Classification: I12, k42

Suggested Citation

de Bruijn, Anne Leonore and Feldman, Yuval and Kuiper, Malouke Esra and Brownlee, Megan and Reinders Folmer, Chris and Kooistra, Emmeke Barbara and Olthuis, Elke and Fine, Adam and van Rooij, Benjamin, Why Did Israelis Comply with COVID-19 Mitigation Measures During the Initial First Wave Lockdown? (August 27, 2020). Amsterdam Law School Research Paper No. 2020-52, General Subserie Research Paper No. 2020-13, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2020-57, Bar Ilan University Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 20-15, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3681964 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3681964

Anne Leonore De Bruijn

University of Amsterdam - Faculty of Law ( email )

Amsterdam, 1018 WB
Netherlands

Yuval Feldman

Bar-Ilan University - Faculty of Law ( email )

Faculty of Law
Ramat Gan, 52900
Israel

Malouke Esra Kuiper

University of Amsterdam - Faculty of Law ( email )

Amsterdam, 1018 WB
Netherlands

Megan Brownlee

University of Amsterdam - Faculty of Law ( email )

Amsterdam, 1018 WB
Netherlands

Chris Reinders Folmer

University of Amsterdam - Faculty of Law ( email )

Amsterdam, 1018 WB
Netherlands

Emmeke Barbara Kooistra

University of Amsterdam - Faculty of Law ( email )

Amsterdam, 1018 WB
Netherlands

Elke Olthuis

University of Amsterdam - Faculty of Law ( email )

Postbus 15654
1001 ND
Amsterdam, Noord-Holland 1001 ND
Netherlands

Adam Fine

Arizona State University (ASU) - School of Criminology & Criminal Justice ( email )

411 N. Central Avenue
Phoenix, AZ 85004
United States

Benjamin Van Rooij (Contact Author)

University of California, Irvine School of Law ( email )

401 E. Peltason Dr.
Ste. 1000
Irvine, CA 92697-1000
United States

University of Amsterdam - Faculty of Law ( email )

Amsterdam, 1018 WB
Netherlands

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