The Impact of Employee Engagement on Employee Retention: The Role of Psychological Capital, Control at Work, General Well-Being, and Job Satisfaction

24 Pages Posted: 2 Sep 2020 Last revised: 20 May 2022

See all articles by Tehseena Ashraf

Tehseena Ashraf

Karachi University Business School

Danish Ahmed Siddiqui

University of Karachi - Karachi University Business School

Date Written: August 29, 2020

Abstract

Purpose – Employee engagement and retention is a promising area in management as well as psychology. The purpose of this paper is to examine the effects of employee engagement (EE) on their retention (ER). We proposed a theoretical framework modifying (M. Gupta, 2018) model explaining how employee engagement affects their retention. The original model linked engagement with control at work (CAW) and general wellbeing (GWB) through psychological capital (PsyCap). We extended this model by linking CAW and GWB to employee retention. We further added job satisfaction (JS) as a mediator between EE and ER.

Design/methodology/approach – To establish its empirical validity, we conducted a survey from 200 employees working in different companies in Pakistan by using a closed-ended Likert scale type questionnaire. Data were analyzed using confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling.

Findings – Findings suggested a positive significant relationship between EE and ER. PsyCap, CAW, and JS play a significant mediator role for EE and ER, only GWB does not mediate the relationship between EE and ER.

Practical Implication – This will help in retaining employees and mounting psychological capital through training and development since when employees will be happy and motivated, they can perform well and will have job satisfaction. As a result, the level of the intention of employees to leave would below.

Originality/Value - This study is preliminary the first to investigate the association between EE and ER through many other constructs (PsyCap, CAW, GWB, and JS) in the Pakistani context.

Keywords: employee engagement, psychological capital, control at work, general wellbeing, job satisfaction, employee retention

Suggested Citation

Ashraf, Tehseena and Siddiqui, Danish Ahmed, The Impact of Employee Engagement on Employee Retention: The Role of Psychological Capital, Control at Work, General Well-Being, and Job Satisfaction (August 29, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3683155 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3683155

Tehseena Ashraf

Karachi University Business School ( email )

Karachi
Pakistan

Danish Ahmed Siddiqui (Contact Author)

University of Karachi - Karachi University Business School ( email )

University Road
Karachi, Sindh 75270
Pakistan
3333485884 (Phone)

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