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COVID-19 Related Knowledge, Attitude and Practices in a Southeastern City in Nigeria: A Cross-Sectional Survey

24 Pages Posted: 15 Sep 2020 Publication Status: Under Review

See all articles by Nchebe-Jah Raymond Iloanusi

Nchebe-Jah Raymond Iloanusi

General Hospital, Onitsha, Anambra State

Sorochi Iloanusi

University of Houston - Department of Pharmaceutical Health Outcomes and Policy

Osaro Mgbere

Department of Pharmaceutical Health Outcomes and Policy, University of Houston College of Pharmacy

Anthony Ajayi

Population Dynamics and Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights Unit, African Population and Health Research Center

Ekere J. Essien

Department of Pharmaceutical Health Outcomes and Policy, University of Houston College of Pharmacy

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Abstract

Although guidelines and recommendations for the prevention of COVID-19 are in place, it is vital to assess how well people know and practice them, as well as people’s attitude towards these measures to inform robust interventions. This study examined COVID-19 related knowledge, attitude, and preventive practices (KAP) among adult residents of the city of Onitsha in South-Eastern Nigeria.  We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 140 adult residents of Onitsha city in March 2020 before the lockdown. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to describe COVID-19 KAP, information gaps and needs, and associations between KAP and demographic characteristics. About 60.7% of respondents had high COVID-19 knowledge, 56.4% had a good attitude towards COVID-19 management, and 53.6% adopted good COVID-19 prevention practices. Participants with bachelor/postgraduate degrees had higher than average COVID-19 knowledge (15.42±0.57, p<0.0001), attitude (1.11±0.10, p<0.0025), and prevention practice (5.02±0.32 p<0.0005) scores. Over half of the participants correctly identified virus as the cause of COVID-19 (60%, p<0.01) and knew that COVID-19 could be transmitted through contaminated surfaces (59.3%, p<0.05) and infected droplets (58.6%, p<0.05). About three-quarters of the participants (75%, p<.0001) indicated needing more information on COVID-19 compared to only a quarter (25%, p<.0001) that stated that they experienced no gap in information. A moderate proportion of our study population had high COVID-19 KAP scores. Our study findings can inform future COVID-19 program planning to ensure a more targeted and effective intervention strategy to prevent and control the disease spread among residents of Onitsha city. Running Title:   COVID-19 Related Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP)

Keywords: COVID-19, Knowledge Attitude and Practice, KAP Survey, Onitsha, Southeast Nigeria, Nigeria

Suggested Citation

Iloanusi, Nchebe-Jah Raymond and Iloanusi, Sorochi and Mgbere, Osaro and Ajayi, Anthony and Essien, Ekere J., COVID-19 Related Knowledge, Attitude and Practices in a Southeastern City in Nigeria: A Cross-Sectional Survey. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3683766 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3683766

Nchebe-Jah Raymond Iloanusi

General Hospital, Onitsha, Anambra State ( email )

Sorochi Iloanusi (Contact Author)

University of Houston - Department of Pharmaceutical Health Outcomes and Policy ( email )

Houston, TX
United States

Osaro Mgbere

Department of Pharmaceutical Health Outcomes and Policy, University of Houston College of Pharmacy ( email )

Anthony Ajayi

Population Dynamics and Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights Unit, African Population and Health Research Center ( email )

Ekere J. Essien

Department of Pharmaceutical Health Outcomes and Policy, University of Houston College of Pharmacy ( email )

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