The Effects of Covid-19 Dependent Post-Traumatic Stress Symptom and Corona Coping Self-Efficacy on Mental Health in Three Arab Societies
37 Pages Posted: 29 Sep 2020 Publication Status: Under Review
The aim of this study was two folds: First, to explore and understand the differences in mental health, the COVID19 related symptoms of Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and self-efficiency among three Arab countries; Syria, Saudi Arabia and Sultanate of Oman. Second: to explore the effectiveness of COVID19 related to PTSD symptoms and self-efficiency of mental health. The sample of this study was 2162 respondents (1186 females, 967 males) whom they were questioned via the Internet. The Syrians respondents were 984 The Saudis were 732 and the Omanis were 446. In this study, measures of mental health were used, in addition to the development of measures COVID19 related symptoms (PTSD) and self-efficiency. All these tools were asking about the status quo of the respondent. Results showed differences among these three societies regarding the study's variables. Especially Syrians who achieved a low level of mental health and self-efficiency and high level of the PTSD symptoms compared to the Saudis and Omanis samples. There were several differences between the Saudis and Omanis samples. Multiple regression analysis had shown that the COVID19 related PTSD symptoms and self-efficiency considered to be good predictors of mental health. Discussions and interpretations of findings were provided according to what this study had achieved.
Keywords: mental health, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), Self-efficiency, Distress Stress, Well-being. COVID19
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