The Effect of Gender-Targeted Transfers: Experimental Evidence from India

34 Pages Posted: 12 Sep 2020

See all articles by Ingvild Almås

Ingvild Almås

Stockholm University - Institute for International Economic Studies (IIES)

Vincent Somville

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH)

Lore Vandewalle

Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (IHEID) - Department of Economics; University of Oslo

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: August 2020

Abstract

Women are the primary recipients of many welfare programs around the world. Despite frequent claims that targeting women induces beneficial consumption shifting and gender equality, the empirical evidence on the effect of targeting is relatively scarce. We report on a highly powered intervention that randomly allocates weekly transfers to a man or woman within the household. We use detailed financial diaries to look at the impact of the recipient's gender on expenditure, income, saving, nutrition and measures of decision-making. Our results show little evidence for consumption shifting at the household level but indicate that targeted transfers empower female recipients.

Keywords: Consumption, Development, Gender Inequality, Households

JEL Classification: D13, I14, O10

Suggested Citation

Almås, Ingvild and Somville, Vincent and Vandewalle, Lore, The Effect of Gender-Targeted Transfers: Experimental Evidence from India (August 2020). CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP15218, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3688172

Ingvild Almås (Contact Author)

Stockholm University - Institute for International Economic Studies (IIES) ( email )

Stockholm, SE-10691
Sweden

Vincent Somville

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) ( email )

Helleveien 30
Bergen, NO-5045
Norway

Lore Vandewalle

Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (IHEID) - Department of Economics ( email )

Geneva Avenue de la Paix 11A
Geneva, 1202
Switzerland

University of Oslo ( email )

PO Box 6706 St Olavs plass
Oslo, N-0317
Norway

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