TBTs, Firm Organization and Labour Structure

32 Pages Posted: 12 Sep 2020

See all articles by Giorgio Barba Navaretti

Giorgio Barba Navaretti

University of Milan - Department of Economics, Management and Quantitative Methods (DEMM); University of Milan - Centro Studi Luca d'Agliano (LdA)

Lionel Fontagne

Banque de France; CEPII; University of Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne; Paris School of Economics

Gianluca Orefice

World Trade Organization (WTO)

Giovanni Pica

Idep, facoltà di economia; University of Milan - Department of Economics, Management and Quantitative Methods (DEMM); University of Milan - Centro Studi Luca d'Agliano (LdA); CSEF - University of Naples Federico II - Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF)

Anna Rosso

University of Milan

Date Written: August 1, 2020

Abstract

This paper investigates the effects on firms' occupational structure of shocks induced by the introduction of Technical Barriers to Trade (TBTs) in importing countries. We rely on the Specific Trade Concern (STC) data released by the WTO to identify trade-restrictive TBT measures, combined with matched employer-employee data for the population of French exporters over the period 1995- 2010, and with information on the list of product-destinations served by each French exporter. Con- trolling for time-invariant firm/occupation effects and for time-varying sector/occupation shocks, IV estimates show that exporters respond to increased complexity associated with restrictive TBTs at destination by raising the share of managers at the expense of blue collars, white collars and professionals. This evidence is consistent with the growing literature exploring how frms organize their workforce composition in presence of exogenous (foreign) shocks; and it is also related to the well-beaten literature on the labour market effects of trade.

Keywords: labor demand, Non-Tariff Measures, skill composition, Trade Barriers

Suggested Citation

Barba Navaretti, Giorgio and Fontagne, Lionel and Orefice, Gianluca and Pica, Giovanni and Rosso, Anna, TBTs, Firm Organization and Labour Structure (August 1, 2020). CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP15223, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3688177

Giorgio Barba Navaretti (Contact Author)

University of Milan - Department of Economics, Management and Quantitative Methods (DEMM) ( email )

Via Conservatorio, 7
Milan, 20122
Italy
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University of Milan - Centro Studi Luca d'Agliano (LdA) ( email )

Via Donizzatti 38
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Italy
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Lionel Fontagne

Banque de France ( email )

Paris
France

HOME PAGE: http://www.lionel-fontagne.eu/

CEPII ( email )

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Paris, 75015
France
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HOME PAGE: http://lionelfontagne.weebly.com/

University of Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne ( email )

Maison des Sciences Economiques
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Paris, 75013
France
+33 1 44 07 89 94 (Phone)
+33 1 53 68 55 01 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://lionelfontagne.weebly.com/

Paris School of Economics ( email )

48 Boulevard Jourdan
Paris, 75014 75014
France
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HOME PAGE: http://lionelfontagne.weebly.com/

Gianluca Orefice

World Trade Organization (WTO) ( email )

Rue de Lausanne 154
Geneva 21, CH-1211
Switzerland

Giovanni Pica

Idep, facoltà di economia ( email )

Via Giuseppe Buffi 13
Lugano, TN Ticino 6900
Switzerland
+41586664784 (Phone)

University of Milan - Department of Economics, Management and Quantitative Methods (DEMM) ( email )

Via Conservatorio, 7
Milan, 20122
Italy

University of Milan - Centro Studi Luca d'Agliano (LdA) ( email )

Via P. Amedeo 34
Milano, Mi 20122
Italy

CSEF - University of Naples Federico II - Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF) ( email )

Via Cintia
Complesso Monte S. Angelo
Naples, Naples 80126
Italy

Anna Rosso

University of Milan ( email )

Via Conservatorio 7
Milano, 20122
Italy

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