Citizenship: Contrasting Dynamics at the Interface of Integration and Constitutionalism

46 Pages Posted: 9 Sep 2020

See all articles by Jo Shaw

Jo Shaw

University of Edinburgh

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: May 2020


This paper explores the complex tapestry of citizenship in the European Union context, and examines how discourses of citizenship illuminate both the nature of European integration and the process of gradual constitutionalisation. The objective is to re-evaluate the role played by citizenship in the evolving processes of Union polity-formation, and the connection between citizenship and the various dynamics of constitution-making. The paper thus has three substantive sections. The first addresses the role of citizenship of the Union, examining the dynamic relationship between this concept, the role of the Court of Justice, and the free movement dynamic of EU law. The second turns to citizenship in the Union, looking at recent political developments under which concepts of citizenship, and democratic membership as a key dimension of citizenship, have been given greater prominence. The third section links together the conclusions of the previous sections, focusing in particular on the relationship between EU citizenship and national citizenship. One key finding of the paper is that there is a tension between citizenship of the Union, as part of the EU's ‘old’ incremental constitutionalism based on the constitutionalisation of the existing Treaties, and citizenship in the Union, where the possibilities of a ‘new’ constitutionalism based on renewed constitutional documents have yet to be fully realised

Keywords: Citizenship; European Union; Treaty of Lisbon; Free Movement; Constitution

Suggested Citation

Shaw, Jo, Citizenship: Contrasting Dynamics at the Interface of Integration and Constitutionalism (May 2020). Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies Research Paper No. RSCAS 2020/33, Available at SSRN: or

Jo Shaw (Contact Author)

University of Edinburgh ( email )

Old College
South Bridge
Edinburgh, EH8 9YL
United Kingdom


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