Families under Confinement: COVID-19, Domestic Violence, and Alcohol Consumption

33 Pages Posted: 10 Sep 2020

See all articles by Adan Silverio-Murillo

Adan Silverio-Murillo

School of Government, Tecnologico de Monterrey

Jose Roberto Balmori de la Miyar

University Anahuac Mexico, Business and Economics School

Lauren Hoehn-Velasco

Georgia State University - Andrew Young School of Policy Studies

Date Written: September 7, 2020

Abstract

Does the COVID-19 stay-at-home order increase domestic violence? The significant decline in household income combined with prolonged confinement with the potential assailant may increase household conflict. Despite these plausible reasons for an increase in household violence, economic theory predicts that domestic violence depends on the income distribution within the household. To test these effects empirically, we estimate the impact of the COVID-19 lockdown on domestic violence using two different data sources in Mexico City. First, we utilize call-center data from a domestic violence hotline (LĂ­nea Mujeres), and, then, we corroborate the call-center findings using official police reports. Using an event-study design, we find domestic violence calls for legal services decreased, however, domestic violence-related calls for psychological services held constant and even increased in certain weeks. Then, we consider the effect on official police reports and find that domestic violence police reports declined. We conclude by considering the differential effects of three local policies: food assistance, the prohibition of alcohol sales, and support to micro-entrepreneurs. We discover suggestive evidence that food assistance and support to micro-entrepreneurs mitigated domestic violence, but the alcohol ban did little to prevent household violence.

Keywords: domestic violence; COVID-19; alcohol; Latin America; Mexico

JEL Classification: J12, J16, J18

Suggested Citation

Silverio-Murillo, Adan and Balmori de la Miyar, Jose Roberto and Hoehn-Velasco, Lauren, Families under Confinement: COVID-19, Domestic Violence, and Alcohol Consumption (September 7, 2020). Andrew Young School of Policy Studies Research Paper Series Forthcoming, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3688384 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3688384

Adan Silverio-Murillo

School of Government, Tecnologico de Monterrey ( email )

Calle del Puente 222
Mexico City, 04210
Mexico

Jose Roberto Balmori de la Miyar

University Anahuac Mexico, Business and Economics School ( email )

Av de las Torres 131
Olivar de los Padres
Mexico City, Mexico City 01780
Mexico

Lauren Hoehn-Velasco (Contact Author)

Georgia State University - Andrew Young School of Policy Studies ( email )

Department of Economics
35 Broad Street, 6th Floor
Atlanta, GA 30303-3083
United States

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