Impacts of COVID-19 on the Transport Sector and Measures as Well as Recommendations of Policies and Future Research: A Report on SIG-C1 Transport Theory and Modelling

12 Pages Posted: 11 Sep 2020

See all articles by Xiaobo Qu

Xiaobo Qu

Chalmers University of Technology

Kun Gao

Division of Geology and Geotechnics

Xiaopeng (Shaw) Li

University of South Florida

Date Written: September 8, 2020

Abstract

COVID-19 has critically impacted many aspects of societies worldwide, particularly on people's transportation activities. This report summarizes the influences of COVID-19 pandemic, reviews existing research results, and identifies future research needs in the scope of SIG C1 in the WCTRS. We first review models on contagion spreading through transportation networks, including aggregated spatial metapopulation models and disaggregated individual-based models. We identify that further research is needed to consider both intercity and intracity mobilities and leverage emerging multiple data resources for constructing individuals' complete trip chains. Next, we discuss transport operation needs in the aftermath of COVID-19. We find that there remains a need for operating multimodal urban transport systems to satisfy people's basic travel demands while minimizing contagion risks. Relevant research needs are identified in optimizing transport operation via modern data acquisition technologies and advanced modelling methods. Last, we discuss the impacts of COVID-19 on people's travel behaviour and overall travel demand patterns. We identify relevant research methods, including data-driven methods and stated-preference survey. Practical intervention measures are also recommended to shift travel demand towards more healthy and sustainable travel modes

Keywords: COVID-19, transport activities, contagion spreading, transport networks, multimodal transportation, optimization, travel demand, mode shift

Suggested Citation

Qu, Xiaobo and Gao, Kun and Li, Xiaopeng (Shaw), Impacts of COVID-19 on the Transport Sector and Measures as Well as Recommendations of Policies and Future Research: A Report on SIG-C1 Transport Theory and Modelling (September 8, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3689209 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3689209

Xiaobo Qu (Contact Author)

Chalmers University of Technology ( email )

SE-412 96 Goteborg
Sweden

Kun Gao

Division of Geology and Geotechnics ( email )

SE-412 96 Goteborg
Sweden

Xiaopeng (Shaw) Li

University of South Florida ( email )

Tampa, FL 33620
United States

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