Post-removal Geographies: Immigration Enforcement and Organized Crime on the U.S. – Mexico Border

Annals of the American Association of Geographers, 2020

Posted: 30 Oct 2020

See all articles by Jeremy Slack

Jeremy Slack

University of Texas at El Paso

Daniel Martinez

University of Arizona - Department of Sociology

Date Written: September 09, 2020

Abstract

What happens after deportation? What contexts must Mexican deportees navigate and contend with after removal from the United States? This article explores the challenges for people post-removal in Mexico, particularly by drawing on fieldwork conducted in Tamaulipas, which is home to the Zetas drug trafficking organization and the infamous massacre of seventy-two migrants. We argue that incidental exposure to violence and crime began as an implicit aspect of immigration enforcement and has grown into one of the central tenets of current policy. We take a feminist geopolitical approach to connect the post-deportation experiences of migrants to the policies of deportation, incarceration, and punishment levied against them by the U.S. government. Migrants, particularly those apprehended through the Criminal Alien Program, have been returned to Tamaulipas in concentrated numbers despite its violent reputation. The processes of criminalization have led to a system that prioritizes punishment for migrants, meaning that we cannot extricate experiences that occur after removal from enforcement measures that create those situations. These practices are directly connected to the current wave of policies aimed at stopping asylum seekers, including “metering,” where people are made to wait at the border to apply for asylum at the port of entry, and the Remain in Mexico program (otherwise known as the Migrant Protection Protocols). We argue that enforcement is more complex than “prevention through deterrence” narratives and exposure to non-state violence in Mexico has slowly become a more integral part of enforcement plans.

Suggested Citation

Slack, Jeremy and Martinez, Daniel, Post-removal Geographies: Immigration Enforcement and Organized Crime on the U.S. – Mexico Border (September 09, 2020). Annals of the American Association of Geographers, 2020, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3690411

Jeremy Slack

University of Texas at El Paso ( email )

500 W University Ave
El Paso, TX 79902
United States
9157476530 (Phone)

Daniel Martinez (Contact Author)

University of Arizona - Department of Sociology ( email )

United States

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