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The Decisive Role of Subordination in Social Hierarchy in Weanling Mice and Children

46 Pages Posted: 8 Oct 2020 Publication Status: Published

See all articles by Yu-Ju Chou

Yu-Ju Chou

National Tsing Hua University - Department of Early Childhood Education

Yi-Han Lu

National Tsing Hua University - Institute of Systems Neuroscience

Yu-Kai Ma

National Tsing Hua University - Department of Life Science

Yu-Shan Su

National Tsing Hua University - Institute of Systems Neuroscience

Tsung-Han Kuo

National Tsing Hua University - Institute of Systems Neuroscience

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Abstract

Social hierarchy plays important roles in maintaining social structures. Despite similarity in concept, frameworks of human hierarchy have seldom been investigated in parallel with other animals. Moreover, the importance of subordination in hierarchical formation has been largely underestimated in previous research. Here we established, compared and investigated hierarchy in children and weanling mice. Temperament Assessments suggested that children who are less persistent, low emotional intensity and withdrew easily were more likely to be subordinate in competitive scenarios independent of task characteristics and interaction experiences. The tube test further showed that conflicts between mice were not resolved by winner approach but by loser withdrawal, which was mainly determined by intrinsic subordinate status regardless of opponents. Our study presents evolutionary conserved hierarchical relationships in young and a critical role of the intrinsic subordinate characteristics in hierarchical determination. These findings provide a new perspective on social interactions with potential implications for preschool education.

Suggested Citation

Chou, Yu-Ju and Lu, Yi-Han and Ma, Yu-Kai and Su, Yu-Shan and Kuo, Tsung-Han, The Decisive Role of Subordination in Social Hierarchy in Weanling Mice and Children. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3691039 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3691039
This version of the paper has not been formally peer reviewed.

Yu-Ju Chou

National Tsing Hua University - Department of Early Childhood Education

No. 101, Section 2, Guangfu Road, East District
Hsin Chu 3, 300
China

Yi-Han Lu

National Tsing Hua University - Institute of Systems Neuroscience

China

Yu-Kai Ma

National Tsing Hua University - Department of Life Science

No. 101, Section 2, Guangfu Road, East District
Hsin Chu 3, 300
China

Yu-Shan Su

National Tsing Hua University - Institute of Systems Neuroscience ( email )

No. 162, Section 1
Heping East Road
Taipei City, Da’an District 106
Taiwan

Tsung-Han Kuo (Contact Author)

National Tsing Hua University - Institute of Systems Neuroscience ( email )

China

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