Field Experiments of Discrimination in the Market Place

39 Pages Posted: 3 Feb 2003

See all articles by Peter A. Riach

Peter A. Riach


Judith Rich

University of Portsmouth; IZA Institute of Labor Economics


Controlled experiments, using matched pairs of bogus transactors, to test for discrimination in the marketplace have been conducted for over 30 years, and have extended across 10 countries. Significant, persistent and pervasive levels of discrimination have been found against nonwhites and women in labour, housing and product markets. Rates of employment discrimination against non-whites, in excess of 25% have been measured in Australia, Europe and North America. A small number of experiments have also investigated employment discrimination against the disabled in Britain and the Netherlands, and against older applicants in the United States.

Suggested Citation

Riach, Peter A. and Rich, Judith, Field Experiments of Discrimination in the Market Place. Economic Journal, Vol. 112, pp. 480-518, 2002. Available at SSRN:

Peter A. Riach (Contact Author)

Independent ( email )

No Address Available

Judith Rich

University of Portsmouth

University House
Winston Churchhill Avenue
Portsmouth, Hampshire PO1 2UP
United Kingdom

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Schaumburg-Lippe-Str. 7 / 9
Bonn, D-53072

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