Financing Correlated Drug Development Projects
24 Pages Posted: 7 Nov 2020
Date Written: September 18, 2020
Current business models have struggled to support early-stage drug development. In this paper, we study an alternative financing model, the mega-fund structure, to fund drug discovery. We extend the framework proposed in previous studies to account for correlation between phase transitions in drug development projects, thus making the model a more realistic representation of bio-pharma research and development. In addition, we update the parameters used in our simulation with more recent estimates of the probability of success (PoS). We find that the performance of the mega-fund becomes less attractive when correlation between projects is introduced. However, the risk of default and the expected returns of the vanilla mega-fund remain promising even under moderate levels of correlation. In addition, we find that a leveraged mega-fund outperforms an equity-only structure over a wide range of assumptions about correlation and PoS.
Keywords: Securitization; Biotechnology; Research Backed Obligation; Biomedical Mega-Fund; Portfolio Theory; Monte Carlo Simulation
JEL Classification: G11, G17, G24, G32, I11, C15, L65, O31
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