A Novel Classification Approach for Credit Scoring based on Gaussian Mixture Models
16 Pages Posted: 23 Nov 2020 Last revised: 27 Nov 2020
Date Written: August 1, 2020
Credit scoring is a rapidly expanding analytical technique used by banks and other financial institutions. Academic studies on credit scoring provide a range of classification techniques used to differentiate between good and bad borrowers. The main contribution of this paper is to introduce a new method for credit scoring based on Gaussian Mixture Models. Our algorithm classifies consumers into groups which are labeled as positive or negative. Labels are estimated according to the probability associated with each class. We apply our model with real world databases from Australia, Japan, and Germany. Numerical results show that not only our model's performance is comparable to others, but also its flexibility avoids over-fitting even in the absence of standard cross validation techniques. The framework developed by this paper can provide a computationally efficient and powerful tool for assessment of consumer default risk in related financial institutions.
Keywords: Credit Scoring, Classification, Gaussian Mixture Models, Consumer Default Risk
JEL Classification: C02, C13, G21
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