Supervisory Enforcement Actions against Banks and Systemic Risk
57 Pages Posted: 10 Nov 2020 Last revised: 6 Jul 2021
Date Written: May 23, 2021
Bank prudential supervision is designed to enhance financial stability, but we are unaware of extant empirical research linking this supervision to financial system risk. In particular, there are no prior findings on how supervisory enforcement actions (EAs) – major tools of supervisors – affect systemic risk. We empirically investigate relations between EAs and banks’ contributions to systemic risk. We find significantly smaller bank contributions to systemic risk after EAs than before them, suggesting that EAs are associated with enhanced financial stability. The data also suggest that the primary channel behind this relation is reduced leverage, but lower portfolio risk also plays a role. We also find that the magnitude of our findings is greater during financial crises than normal times, and that more severe EAs and EAs against banks are more effective in systemic risk reduction than those less severe and those against individual bank managers, respectively.
Keywords: Enforcement actions, banks, systemic risk, leverage risk, financial crises
JEL Classification: G18, G21, G28
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation