A Framework for Global Cooperation on Artificial Intelligence and its Governance

Published in 'Reflections on Artificial Intelligence for Humanity', edited by B. Braunschweig and M. Ghallab, Springer, 2021

35 Pages Posted: 15 Oct 2020 Last revised: 29 Apr 2021

See all articles by Pekka Ala-Pietilä

Pekka Ala-Pietilä

EC High-Level Expert Group on AI (Chair)

Nathalie A. Smuha

KU Leuven - Faculty of Law

Date Written: September 1, 2020

Abstract

In this chapter we put forward a framework for global cooperation on Artificial Intelligence (AI) and its governance, with the aim to ensure that humanity can enjoy its benefits while preventing and minimizing its risks. It is structured along three sections, focusing respectively on the why, what and how of global cooperation. First, we set out why AI requires governance and why its governance necessitates global cooperation. Particular focus is given to the need for a level playing field that secures citizen protection across the globe, enables socially beneficial innovation, and stimulates healthy competition to disseminate AI’s benefits. Second, we list what the substantive areas are on which global cooperation on AI should be prioritized, and argue for a holistic approach along two dimensions. The first dimension is horizontal, and aims to identify minimum requirements that cover the entire socio-technical environment of AI in a transversal manner. In addition to AI-systems, we urge to consider the socio-technical environments of data and digital infrastructure, which are inextricably interwoven therewith. The second dimension is vertical, and aims at cooperation around domain-specific areas that require a more tailored approach to maximize AI’s benefits for humanity, to prevent and minimize its risks and to address ad-hoc issues. Third, we assess how global cooperation should be organized. We stress the need to balance speed, holism and contextualism, and provide a number of guiding principles that can inform the process of global cooperation initiatives on AI and its governance.

Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, Global Cooperation, Competition, Regulation, Governance, Data, Digital Infrastructure

Suggested Citation

Ala-Pietilä, Pekka and Smuha, Nathalie A., A Framework for Global Cooperation on Artificial Intelligence and its Governance (September 1, 2020). Published in 'Reflections on Artificial Intelligence for Humanity', edited by B. Braunschweig and M. Ghallab, Springer, 2021, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3696519

Pekka Ala-Pietilä

EC High-Level Expert Group on AI (Chair)

Nathalie A. Smuha (Contact Author)

KU Leuven - Faculty of Law ( email )

Tiensestraat 41
Leuven, B-3000
Belgium

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