Fair Play: Notes on the Algorithmic Soccer Referee
Vanderbilt Journal of Entertainment & Technology Law, Vol. 23, p. 341, 2021
93 Pages Posted: 22 Sep 2020 Last revised: 15 Mar 2021
Date Written: September 21, 2020
The soccer referee stands in for a judge. Soccer’s Video Assistant Referee (“VAR”) system stands in for algorithms that augment human deciders. Fair play stands in for justice. They are combined and set in a polycentric system of governance, with implications for designing, administering, and assessing human-machine combinations.
Keywords: Algorithms, Big Data, governance, polycentricity, institutions, systems, football, soccer, referees, robots, adjudication, decisionmaking, human-machine hybrids
JEL Classification: D70, D73, K40, K42, P48
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation