Forecasting with Economic News
46 Pages Posted: 19 Oct 2020 Last revised: 27 Apr 2022
Date Written: April 4, 2022
The goal of this paper is to evaluate the informational content of sentiment extracted from news articles about the state of the economy. We propose a Fine-Grained Aspect-based Sentiment analysis that has two main characteristics: 1) we consider only the text in the article that is semantically dependent on a term of interest (aspect-based) and, 2) assign a sentiment score to each word based on a dictionary that we develop for applications in economics and finance (fine-grained). Our data set includes six large US newspapers, for a total of over 6.6 million articles and 4.2 billion words. Our findings suggest that several measures of economic sentiment track closely business cycle fluctuations and that they are relevant predictors for four major macroeconomic variables. The forecast accuracy increases significantly when economic sentiment is used in a time series model as these measures tend to proxy for the overall state of the economy. We also find that there are significant improvements in forecasting when sentiment is considered along with macroeconomic factors. In addition, we also consider the role of sentiment in the tails of the distribution and find that economic sentiment matters, in particular at low quantiles.
Keywords: economic forecasting, macroeconomic analysis, sentiment analysis, text analysis
JEL Classification: C22, C55, F47
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