Motivational Mindsets and Reasons for Studying: Development and Validation of a Classification Tool

23 Pages Posted: 16 Nov 2020

See all articles by Job Hudig

Job Hudig

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Ad W. A. Scheepers

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Rotterdam School of Management (RSM)

Michaéla Schippers

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Department of Technology and Operations Management

Guus Smeets

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR)

Date Written: September 25, 2020

Abstract

First-year university students have multiple motives for studying and these motives may interact. Yet, past research has primarily focused on a variable-centered, dimensional approach missing out on the possibility to study the joint effect of multiple motives that students may have. Examining the interplay between motives is key to (a) better explain student differences in study success and wellbeing, and (b) to understand different effects that interventions can have in terms of wellbeing and study success. We therefore applied a student-centered, multidimensional approach in which we explored motivational profiles of first-year university students by combining three dimensions of motives for studying (self-transcendent, self-oriented, and extrinsic) which have been shown to be differently related to academic functioning. Using cluster analysis in two independent, consecutive university student cohorts (n = 763 and n = 815), we identified four meaningful profiles and coined them motivational mindsets. We validated the four mindset profiles not only within each student sample but also found almost identical profiles between the student samples. The motivational mindset profiles were labelled: High-impact mindset, Low-impact mindset, Social-impact mindset, and Self-impact mindset. In addition to validating the paradigm, we developed a mindset classification tool to further use these mindsets in practice and in future research.

Keywords: mindset, motivation, student, person-centered, cluster analysis

Suggested Citation

Hudig, Job and Scheepers, Ad W. A. and Schippers, Michaela and Smeets, Guus, Motivational Mindsets and Reasons for Studying: Development and Validation of a Classification Tool (September 25, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3699308 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3699308

Job Hudig (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Ad W. A. Scheepers

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Rotterdam School of Management (RSM) ( email )

P.O. Box 1738
Room T08-21
3000 DR Rotterdam, 3000 DR
Netherlands

Michaela Schippers

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Department of Technology and Operations Management ( email )

RSM Erasmus University
PO Box 1738
3000 DR Rotterdam
Netherlands

Guus Smeets

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) ( email )

Burgemeester Oudlaan 50
3000 DR Rotterdam, Zuid-Holland 3062PA
Netherlands

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