A Machine Learning Based Regulatory Risk Index for Cryptocurrencies
37 Pages Posted: 11 Nov 2020 Last revised: 24 Aug 2021
Date Written: April 30, 2021
Cryptocurrencies’ values often respond aggressively to major policy changes, but none of the existing indices informs on the market risks associated with regulatory changes. In this paper, we quantify the risks originating from new regulations on FinTech and cryptocurrencies (CCs), and analyse their impact on market dynamics. Specifically, a Cryptocurrency Regulatory Risk IndeX (CRRIX) is constructed based on policy-related news coverage frequency. The unlabelled news data are collected from the top online CC news platforms and further classified using a Latent Dirichlet Allocation model and Hellinger distance. Our results show that the machine-learning-based CRRIX successfully captures major policy-changing moments. The movements for both the VCRIX, a market volatility index, and the CRRIX are synchronous, meaning that the CRRIX could be helpful for all participants in the cryptocurrency market. The algorithms and Python code are available for research purposes on www.quantlet.de.
Keywords: Cryptocurrency, Regulatory Risk, Index, LDA, News Classification
JEL Classification: C45, G11, G18
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation