A Methodology for Supporting Exploratory Research on the Role of Geo-Location and Boundaries in Spatio-Temporal and Environmental Studies
Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, 19 (2020), 7, http://www.eemj.icpm.tuiasi.ro/pdfs/vol19/no7/13_497_Homocianu_19.pdf
15 Pages Posted: 13 Nov 2020
Date Written: 2020
The paper brings a methodological contribution useful for supporting the development of predictive models of phenomena and human behaviors in the area of environmental protection with respect for history, geo-location, environment boundaries, and considering further applications in defining corresponding stimulating policies by decision-makers and management teams. It proposes a handy and easy-to-use technique of deriving spatial variables (e.g. aerial distances to a custom border and belonging or not to a chosen area) starting from real data including respondents’ residencies from a survey of Romanian students. The authors used Quantum Geographical Information System (QGIS) and a historical map for recreating the coordinates of this border two programming languages and two categories of algorithms: first for computing a minimum aerial distance to this custom border based on the Haversine (HAV) formula and a proposed Point to Points (P2P) approach compared with another one based on the Pythagorean Theorem with corrections depending on the average latitudes using both P2P and P2S (Point to Segments); second for finding the belonging to a chosen/defined area considering the corresponding polygon and the Crossing-Number (CN) approach of solving Point-in-Polygon (PIP) problems. Aerial distance scale derivations for statistical purposes, online query-able map examples for demonstrating the expected spatial alignment of the inputs based on this methodology, and execution benchmarks for efficiency reasons have been also provided.
Keywords: Border Studies, GIS, Haversine and Pythagoras, P2P and P2S, PIP
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