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Basic Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Middle East and North African Populations Toward COVID-19

38 Pages Posted: 29 Sep 2020

See all articles by Hisham N. Atayb

Hisham N. Atayb

King Abdulaziz University - Department of Biochemistry

Mariam Abbas Ibrahim

Sudan University of Science and Technology - Department of Clinical Chemistry

Alaa AbouElfetouh

Alexandria University - Department of Microbiology and Immunology

Khalid Rahamtalla Khedir Genawi

Sudan University of Science and Technology - Department of Statistics

Rashad Shawgi Jaweesh

Libyan International Medical University - Department of Biomedical Science

Fatma S. Dabbous

Alexandria University - Department of Microbiology and Immunology

Zouhour Ouanes

University of Monastir - Institute of Biotechnology

Nadia El Kadmiri

Ibn Zohr University - Molecular Engineering, Valorization and Environment Team

Iman Amrani

University of Batna - Department of Pharmacy

Manel Ben Fredj

University of Monastir - Departement of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine

Mohammed M. Mehanna

Beirut Arab University - Department of Pharmaceutical Technology

Sanaa Abujilban

Hashemite University - Department of Maternal, Child and Family Health Nursing

Taher Emahbes

University of Tripoli - Department of Community Medicine

Annour Bechir Ahmat

Toumay University - Department of Medical Laboratory

Mogahid M. Elhassan

Taibah University - Department of Clinical Laboratory Science

Wael K. Al-Delaimy

University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Department of Family Medicine and Public Health

More...

Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to assess the basic knowledge, attitude, and practice among people from nine Middle Eastern and North African countries about COVID-19 symptoms, modes of transmission, acceptance of recovered patients, and practice of some basic preventive measures.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, data was collected from 3515 participants in nine Middle Eastern and North African countries using an online self-administered questionnaire to assess participants' basic knowledge, attitude, and practice of some preventive measures related to COVID-19.

Results: In this study, most of the participants were aware of the basic preventive measures against coronavirus. Despite this awareness, the practice of these measures was low, with a significant variation among participating countries and gender. Social media was the major source of their information. More than half of participants (53.2%) would not accept recovered patients in the community without protective measures, and the majority (84%) of them believed that people living in hot and sunny areas are less susceptible and affected by COVID-19.

Conclusion: Our findings indicate that participants of Middle Eastern and North African countries have relatively good knowledge and attitudes regarding COVID-19. Still, they have unsatisfactory preventive practices, and more than half of them refuse to accept recovered patients as normal in the community without protective measures.

Funding Statement: None.

Declaration of Interests: All the authors have no conflict of interest to declare.

Ethics Approval Statement: This study was approved by the research ethics committee of each participating country (Lebanon: Institutional Review Board Of Beirut Arab University; Algeria: Comité Consultatif d'Ethique du Centre Hospitalo-Universitaire de Betna; Sudan: Research Ethics Committee of Sudan University of Science and Technology; Egypt: Research Ethics Committee of Faculty of Pharmacy in Alexandria University; Libya: Research Ethics Committee of Libyan International Medical University; Morocco: Research Ethics Committee, Polydisciplinary Faculty of Taroudant, IBN ZOHR University; Tunisia: Comité d'Ethique de la recherche de la Faculté de Médecine de Monastir, Monastir University; Jordan: Institutional Review Board of The Hashemite University; Chad: Direction de la Recherche et de l'Innovation, Ministère de l'Enseignement Supérieur, de la Recherche et de l'Innovation).

Keywords: SARS-CoV-2, COVID-19, Awareness, preventive measures

Suggested Citation

Atayb, Hisham N. and Ibrahim, Mariam Abbas and AbouElfetouh, Alaa and Genawi, Khalid Rahamtalla Khedir and Jaweesh, Rashad Shawgi and Dabbous, Fatma S. and Ouanes, Zouhour and El Kadmiri, Nadia and Amrani, Iman and Ben Fredj, Manel and Mehanna, Mohammed M. and Abujilban, Sanaa and Emahbes, Taher and Ahmat, Annour Bechir and Elhassan, Mogahid M. and Al-Delaimy, Wael K., Basic Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Middle East and North African Populations Toward COVID-19. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3700952 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3700952

Hisham N. Atayb

King Abdulaziz University - Department of Biochemistry ( email )

P.O.Box 80200
Jeddah, 21589
Saudi Arabia

Mariam Abbas Ibrahim (Contact Author)

Sudan University of Science and Technology - Department of Clinical Chemistry ( email )

Sudan

Alaa AbouElfetouh

Alexandria University - Department of Microbiology and Immunology ( email )

El-Guish Road
El-Shatby
Alexandria, 21321
Egypt

Khalid Rahamtalla Khedir Genawi

Sudan University of Science and Technology - Department of Statistics ( email )

Khartoum
Sudan

Rashad Shawgi Jaweesh

Libyan International Medical University - Department of Biomedical Science ( email )

Fatma S. Dabbous

Alexandria University - Department of Microbiology and Immunology ( email )

El-Guish Road
El-Shatby
Alexandria, 21321
Egypt

Zouhour Ouanes

University of Monastir - Institute of Biotechnology

Mounastir, 4100
Tunisia

Nadia El Kadmiri

Ibn Zohr University - Molecular Engineering, Valorization and Environment Team ( email )

Agadir, Agadir
Morocco

Iman Amrani

University of Batna - Department of Pharmacy ( email )

05 avenue Chahid Boukhlouf
Batna, 05000
Algeria

Manel Ben Fredj

University of Monastir - Departement of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine ( email )

Mounastir, 4100
Tunisia

Mohammed M. Mehanna

Beirut Arab University - Department of Pharmaceutical Technology ( email )

BEIRUT
TARIK AL JADIDAH
BEIRUT
Lebanon

Sanaa Abujilban

Hashemite University - Department of Maternal, Child and Family Health Nursing ( email )

Jordan ,Zarqa
Abdallah Ghosheh
Amman
Jordan

Taher Emahbes

University of Tripoli - Department of Community Medicine ( email )

Libya

Annour Bechir Ahmat

Toumay University - Department of Medical Laboratory ( email )

Mogahid M. Elhassan

Taibah University - Department of Clinical Laboratory Science ( email )

Prince Naif Ibn Abdulaziz, Tayba, Medina Saudi Ara
Mediana, Madinah
Saudi Arabia

Wael K. Al-Delaimy

University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Department of Family Medicine and Public Health ( email )

9500 Gilman Drive
Mail Code 0502
La Jolla, CA 92093-0112
United States

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