Club Convergence Analysis of Regional Ecological Efficiency in China

18 Pages Posted: 30 Sep 2020

See all articles by Zhuo Qiao

Zhuo Qiao

University of Macau

Hao Chen

National Cheng Kung University

Date Written: August 1, 2020

Abstract

This paper adopts a network data envelopment analysis (DEA) model combined with a window analysis approach to evaluate the ecological efficiency (eco‐efficiency) of 30 regions in China over 2000–2015. We also investigate the existence of eco‐efficiency convergence clubs among these regions and analyse the important factors that drive eco‐efficiency club formation. Our results reveal that, overall, Chinese regional eco‐efficiency deteriorated from 2000 to 2015. We find that there is a significant regional disparity in eco‐efficiency. Our convergence analysis indicates that Chinese regions converge into three eco‐efficiency clubs, suggesting that common economic and environment policies might have a limited impact on promoting regional eco‐efficiency and regionally‐tailored policies need to be designed. Finally, we find that forest coverage, R&D expenditure and pollution punishment are important determinants of convergence club membership.

Suggested Citation

Qiao, Zhuo and Chen, Hao, Club Convergence Analysis of Regional Ecological Efficiency in China (August 1, 2020). Pacific Economic Review, Vol. 25, Issue 3, pp. 384-401, 2020, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3701721 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1468-0106.12279

Zhuo Qiao (Contact Author)

University of Macau ( email )

P.O. Box 3001
Macau

Hao Chen

National Cheng Kung University

No.1, University Road
Tainan
Taiwan

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