The Impact of Political Connection and Risk Committee on Corporate financial Performance: Evidence from financial firms in Malaysia

Corporate Governance: The international journal of business in society, 2020

Posted: 17 Nov 2020

Date Written: September 30, 2020

Abstract

Purpose – This study aims to examine the association between the effectiveness of risk committee (RC) and firms’ performance in Malaysian context. It also explores whether political connection has an impact on the relationship.

Design/methodology/approach – This study, using a principle components analysis, derives a factor score for RC attributes to proxy the effectiveness of RC. It also uses both accounting and market performance to measure the company performance.

Findings – Using a sample of financial firms from 2004 to 2018, this study finds that both accounting and market performance are higher for firms with an effective RC. It also finds that the effectiveness of RC in monitoring and management of risks is more pronounced for politically connected firms (PCFs). In further tests, the paper finds that RC attributes (i.e. RC independence, qualification and gender) are positively and significantly associated with accounting performance, while those of RC existence and overlap are positively and significantly related to market performance. The study also finds that RC size (RC diligence) has a positive (negative) impact on financial firms accounting and market performance. The further analysis also shows that PCFs with a separate as well as larger RCs experience both higher accounting and market performance. This study’s results are robust for concerns of endogeneity.

Practical implications – The findings of this study resolve the ongoing debates surrounding political connection by suggesting financial firms not to have politically connected board members as doing so may deteriorate their performance. This study’s results are also useful for investors, regulators and policymakers.

Originality/value – To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this study, for the first time, introduces on the interaction term between the effectiveness of RCs and political connection to empirically explore how an effective RC may reduce the potential risk of political ties. As such, this study adds to the literature and sheds light on an aspect of risk (i.e. risk stems from establishing close link with the government) that is growing in importance.

Keywords: Political Connection, Corporate Performance, Financial Institutions, Risk Committee

JEL Classification: M41, G21, G28, G32, G34

Suggested Citation

Al-dhamari, Redhwan, The Impact of Political Connection and Risk Committee on Corporate financial Performance: Evidence from financial firms in Malaysia (September 30, 2020). Corporate Governance: The international journal of business in society, 2020, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3702146

Redhwan Al-dhamari (Contact Author)

Universiti Utara Malaysia ( email )

Sintok
COLGIS, UUM
Sintok, KY KEDAH DARUL 06010
Malaysia

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