Tools of Control? Comparing Congressional and Presidential Performance Management Reforms

Kroll, Alex and Donald P. Moynihan. 2020. Tools of Control? Comparing Congressional and Presidential Performance Management Reforms. Public Administration Review

40 Pages Posted: 17 Nov 2020

See all articles by Alexander Kroll

Alexander Kroll

Department of Public Policy and Administration

Donald P. Moynihan

Georgetown University - McCourt School of Public Policy

Date Written: September 30, 2020

Abstract

Presidents are claimed to have a stronger interest in an effective bureaucracy than Congress, because they must be responsive to the public as a whole rather than narrow interests. We examine this claim in the context of multiple waves of US performance management reforms: the Government Performance and Results Act of 1993, the Program Assessment Rating Tool (2002-2008) and the GPRA Modernization Act of 2010. Using four waves of federal employee surveys spanning 17 years, we measure reform success as employees‟ purposeful use of performance data as a result of being exposed to routines embedded in the reforms. We find that the legislative-led GPRAMA is associated with more purposeful data use on aggregate, while the PART executive reform succumbed to a partisan pattern of implementation. Statutory reforms are less likely to be experienced as ideological tools than executive branch reforms used by the President to impose control over agencies.

Keywords: performance management; GPRAMA; Obama; performance information use; politicization

JEL Classification: H1, H83

Suggested Citation

Kroll, Alexander and Moynihan, Donald P., Tools of Control? Comparing Congressional and Presidential Performance Management Reforms (September 30, 2020). Kroll, Alex and Donald P. Moynihan. 2020. Tools of Control? Comparing Congressional and Presidential Performance Management Reforms. Public Administration Review, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3702401

Alexander Kroll

Department of Public Policy and Administration ( email )

1101 Brickell Ave Ste 1100S
Miami, FL 33131-3113
United States

Donald P. Moynihan (Contact Author)

Georgetown University - McCourt School of Public Policy ( email )

Old North, Suite 100
37th & O Streets NW
Washington, DC 20057
United States

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