Introducing the Peacekeeping Mandates (PEMA) Dataset
71 Pages Posted: 19 Nov 2020 Last revised: 15 Feb 2021
Date Written: October 2, 2020
Research on UN peacekeeping operations has established that mission size and composition affect peacekeeping success. However, we lack systematic data for evaluating whether variation in tasks assigned to UN peacekeeping mandates matters and what explains different configurations of mandated tasks in the first place. Drawing on UN Security Council resolutions that establish or revise mandates of 27 UN peacekeeping operations in Africa in the 1991-2017 period, the Peacekeeping Mandates (PEMA) dataset can fill this gap. It records 39 distinct tasks, ranging from disarmament to reconciliation and electoral support. For each task, the PEMA dataset also distinguishes between three modalities of engagement (monitoring, assisting, and securing) and whether the task is requested or merely encouraged. To illustrate the usefulness of our data, we re-examine Hultman et al.’s (2013) analysis of missions’ ability to protect civilians. Our results show that host governments and rebel groups respond differently to civilian protection mandates.
Keywords: UN Security Council Resolutions, Peacekeeping, Mandates, Tasks
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