Excavating Youth Justice Reform: Historical Mapping and Speculative Prospects
18 Pages Posted: 6 Oct 2020 Last revised: 15 Oct 2020
Date Written: September 2020
This article analytically excavates youth justice reform (in England and Wales) by situating it in historical context, critically reviewing the competing rationales that underpin it and exploring the overarching social, economic, and political conditions within which it is framed. It advances an argument that the foundations of a recognisably modern youth justice system had been laid by the opening decade of the 20th Century and that youth justice reform in the post‐Second World War period has broadly been structured over four key phases. The core contention is that historical mapping facilitates an understanding of the unreconciled rationales and incoherent nature of youth justice reform to date, while also providing a speculative sense of future prospects.
Keywords: evidence‐based policy formation, history, politics, sociological criminology, youth justice reform
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