Application of Crop-residue Biomass as a Catalyst for Bio-diesel Production from Waste Cooking Oil

10 Pages Posted: 5 Oct 2020

See all articles by Pushpa Jha

Pushpa Jha

Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering & Technology

Ankush Sontakke

Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering & Technology

Date Written: February 5, 2020

Abstract

To produce biodiesel economically, one should select an appropriate feedstock and catalyst. Waste cooking oil is available after frying various types of food items in India. Catalyst is required to be heterogeneous. India produces a great number of crop residues every year. They need to be utilized to avoid disposal issues. The crop residue, coconut coir is available from food processing industries, especially in the coastal regions of India. It is the source of carbon. So, it was selected as a catalyst. The coconut coir was activated by NaOH, followed by sulphonation. The resulting catalyst was used to produce biodiesel using waste cooking oil. The formations of biodiesel were studied using alcohol to oil ration (A:O), time of reaction, reaction temperature, and catalyst loading. At the optimized conditions of these parameters, biodiesel yield was more than 90%. The biodiesel thus synthesized was characterized in terms of fuel properties, namely, calorific values, flash point, density, viscosity, acid value, cloud point, pour point, and cetane number. These values were compared with the standard ones.

Keywords: Biodiesel, coconut coir, activated carbon, characterization, FFA conversion

Suggested Citation

Jha, Pushpa and Sontakke, Ankush, Application of Crop-residue Biomass as a Catalyst for Bio-diesel Production from Waste Cooking Oil (February 5, 2020). Proceedings of the International Conference on Advances in Chemical Engineering (AdChE) 2020, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3705099 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3705099

Pushpa Jha (Contact Author)

Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering & Technology ( email )

Sangrur, 148106
India

Ankush Sontakke

Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering & Technology ( email )

Sangrur, 148106
India

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