Functional Contracting: Re-Conceptualizing Business Contracts in Face of New Forms of Production
26 Pages Posted: 6 Oct 2020 Last revised: 7 Oct 2020
Date Written: October 5, 2020
Alongside bilateral one-off transactions, contracts are used to govern the dynamic, multi-tiered production networks that constitute a majority of global commerce today. Contract law and theory do not reflect this change in contractual modalities. In this paper, we look first to summarize earlier theories of contract and posit that the theory of functional contracting offers a novel and more useful approach for understanding contractually governed dynamic and multi-tiered transactions. We then underscore the difference between functional contracting and earlier theories by describing a recent practical case on the contractual governance of business-model transitions. Finally, on the basis of the theoretical comparison, case study and other related case-studies, we evaluate how the model of functional contracting helps legal scholars and practitioners to understand changes in contractual modalities brought about by changes in the global economy.
Keywords: Contract Law, Contract Theory, Functional Contracting, Relational Contracting, Transaction-cost economics, Global Value Chains, Global Production Networks
JEL Classification: K12, D23, F61
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation