Infant Mortality in Turkey: Causes and Effects in a Regional Context

Papers in Regional Science, 2020

49 Pages Posted: 30 Nov 2020

Date Written: October 7, 2020


This study attempts to identify the causal and/or direct effects of sociocultural determinants of infant mortality in Turkey within a regional context using causal graph analysis and global and local spatial models. The conceptual framework, combined with the data, shows that fertility and consanguinity have direct effects on infant mortality rates and that female illiteracy, as a proxy for maternal education, is a key cause of rising infant mortality even in the presence of latent confounding. The surface of estimates further show that the local effects of female illiteracy and consanguinity are non-stationary across space, calling for location-specific policies.

Keywords: infant mortality; female education; causal graph; spatial dependence; spatial heterogeneity

JEL Classification: I11; I15; R11

Suggested Citation

Bilgel, Firat, Infant Mortality in Turkey: Causes and Effects in a Regional Context (October 7, 2020). Papers in Regional Science, 2020, Available at SSRN: or

Firat Bilgel (Contact Author)

MEF University ( email )

Ayaza─ča Cad. No.4 34396
Maslak - Sariyer

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