Crash-sensitive Kelly Strategy built on a modified Kreuser-Sornette bubble model tested over three decades of twenty equity indices
37 Pages Posted: 9 Oct 2020 Last revised: 16 Oct 2020
Date Written: October 8, 2020
We present a modified version of the super-exponential rational expectations “Efficient Crashes” bubble model of (Kreuser and Sornette, 2019) with a different formulation of the expected return that makes clearer the additive nature of corrective jumps. We derive a Kelly trading strategy for the new model. We combine the strategy with a simplified estimation procedure for the model parameters from price time series. We optimize the control parameters of the trading strategy by maximizing the return-weighted accuracy of trades. This enables us to predict the out-of-sample optimal investment, purely based on in-sample calibration of the model on historical data. Our approach solves the difficult problem of selecting the portfolio rebalancing time, as we endogenize it as an optimization parameter. We develop an ex-ante backtest that allows us to test our strategy on twenty equity asset indices. We find that our trading strategy achieves positive trading performance for 95% of tested assets and outperforms the Buy-and-Hold-Strategy in terms of CAGR and Sharpe Ratio in 60% of cases. In our simulations, we do not allow for any short trading or leverage. Thus, we simply simulate allocation of 0-100% of one’s capital between a risk-free and the risky asset over time. The optimal rebalancing periods are mostly of duration around a month; thus, the model does not overtrade, ensuring reasonable trading costs. Furthermore, during crashes, the model reduces the invested amount of capital sufficiently soon to reduce impact of price drawdowns. In addition to the Dotcom bubble, the great financial crisis of 2008 and other historical crashes, our study also covers the most recent crash in March 2020 that happened globally as a consequence of the economic shutdowns that were imposed as a reaction to the spread of the Coronavirus across the world.
Keywords: financial bubbles, efficient crashes, positive feedback, rational expectation, Kelly criterion, optimal investment, Covid-19 crash
JEL Classification: C53, G01, G17
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation